Anti-Poaching management is focused towards protection of rhinoceros as there is no record of poaching of other animals. Periodic increase in poaching activities led to establishment of number of anti-poaching camps manned with armed front line and incremental staff have risen to the present figure of 146. Though the poaching number have come down maintenance of these arrangements require resources in the form of man power, logistic support to the camp, mobility of the staff, infrastructures
(buildings, roads, patrolling paths) , equipment etc. to keep the high moral and efficiency for performing the most difficult tasks. The present situation is highly inadequate and may adversely affect the protection mechanism if it continues for long.
The main activity in this phase is proactive action that include intelligence gathering on the activities of poachers in the vicinity of the Park. The intelligence gatherer are usually local villagers or poachers who had turned over a new leaf. Effort are also made by the park authorities to involve the local people in furnishing information on the movement of poacher through implementation of Eco-development works as well as massive education and awareness drive in the fringe villages of the National Park.
This calls for reactive action which denotes the activities undertaken by the staff to track down and apprehend the poachers inside the Park, if any information regarding such intrusion is received by the Park authorities from any informer. The logistics of such track down operation is enormous and calls for radical improvement in the existing infrastructure for anti-poaching operations viz. improvement of surface communication and radio communication network, upgradation of arms & ammunition, improvement in accommodation facilities for field staff, greater mobility on land surface and water through procurement of vehicles and boats, augmentation of surveillance facilities through construction of watch tower on suitable locations etc.
This is the investigative and prosecutive action after the poachers escape from the park, usually after committing an offence inside the Park. This phase mainly consists of co-ordination with other law-enforcing Departments e.g. Police to keep track of the poachers and nab them. However, past experiences have shown that though the poachers are apprehended but they are seldom convicted in the court as the cases on behalf of the Department are not properly represented. Therefore, a legal cell may be constituted to pursue the cases related to rhino poaching for conviction of the poachers. Besides, a system of reward for the staff as an incentive to recognize their efforts in apprehending rhino poachers, is also required.
There are number of cases where the anti-poaching staffs are bitten and injured by rhinos, tiger and other wild animals rendering them invalid for normal duty. The meagre medical allowance they receive is not at all sufficient for proper treatment. As such provision for medical help is very essential.
The anti-poaching infrastructure in newly acquired additions and reserve forests is highly inadequate and practically non-existent in many areas. Moreover, the protection activities on the north bank of the Brahmaputra cannot be effectively supervised with the administrative head quarters along the southern boundary due to difficulty of immediate access to the north bank.