Periodic Reporting Exercise on the Application of the World Heritage Convention
KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK, a name known worldwide for its success in the conservation history of one horned Indian Rhinoceros, provides habitat for a number of threatened species and migratory birds. A symbol of dedication for the conservation of animals and their habitat, Kaziranga, with a National Park status represents single largest established protected area within the North-east Brahamputra Valley (9A) Biogeographical Province (Rodgers, Panwar et al 2002) to provide long term viable conservation of rhinos. Kaziranga National Park is an outstanding example representing significant ongoing ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of ecosystem and communities of plants and animals. Kaziranga contains the most important and significant natural habitat for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science and conservation. The above mentioned values and criteria made Kaziranga National Park to get inscribed on the world heritage list of “Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage” in the year 1985 under criteria N(ii) and N(iv) of the Natural Heritage.
Some of the significant conservation values of Kaziranga National Park are enumerated below: -
- The largest undisturbed and representative area of Brahmaputra Valley flood plain grassland and forest with associated large herbivores, avifauna and wetland values (including Turtles, Dolphins etc.).
- THE WORLD ‘S LARGEST POPULATION OF
- Indian one horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) [1552 in (1998)]
- Asiatic Wild Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) [1431 in (2001)]
- Eastern race of Swamp Deer (Cervus duvauceli ranjitsinghi) [468 in (2000)]
- High Ecological Density of Tigers (Panthera tigris) [86(2000)]
- Significant population of Asiatic Elephant (Elephas maximus) [1048(2002)]
- The junction of the East Asia /Australia flyway and Indo-Asian flyway exhibits considerable diversity in avifaunal species (480 species recorded).
- Transitional and successional example of grassland to forest and floodplain to hill evergreen forest communities.
- Considerable Research, Education and Recreation values.
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